Vernal equinox 2023


When is the Vernal equinox 2023?

The Vernal equinox 2023 is on Monday, March 20, 2023 (in 262 days).  Calendar for 2023
The Vernal equinox 2022 has already passed: it was on Sunday, March 20, 2022 (103 days ago).  Calendar for 2022
Please note: The dates given on this page are based on Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), which for practical purposes is equivalent to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). While the Vernal equinox occurs at the same moment in time all over the world, the date and local time differ from location to location depending on a location's time zone. For more details see the explanations below.
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What is the Vernal equinox?

Vernal equinox sunset. The vernal equinox marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere. Photo: flickr.com/photos/mseeley1/25947505285Vernal equinox sunset. The vernal equinox marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere.
In the Northern Hemisphere, the moment in time when the Sun stands directly above the equator while crossing from the south to the north is called vernal equinox (also known as spring equinox, March equinox or northward equinox). It is the moment winter ends and spring begins in the Northern Hemisphere (where nearly 90% of the world's population live). For the Southern Hemisphere, it is the autumn equinox (fall equinox) as it is the moment summer ends and autumn (fall) begins.

In the Northern Hemisphere the vernal equinox occurs every year between March 19 and March 21. The dates given on this page are based on Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), which for practical purposes is equivalent to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT - the time zone of the United Kingdom). While the vernal equinox occurs at the same moment in time all over the world, the date and local time differ from place to place depending on the year and a location's time zone. For locations that are ahead of UTC (further east) it may fall on the day after, and for locations that are behind UTC (further west) it may fall on the day before. To find out the exact date and time of the vernal equinox 2023 in your area use this seasons calculator.

The vernal equinox is one of four days (two equinoxes and two solstices) throughout the year that mark the beginning of a new season. The other days are the summer solstice (beginning of summer), the autumn equinox (beginning of autumn) and the winter solstice (beginning of winter).

In a non-leap year, the moment of the vernal equinox is about 5 hours 49 minutes after that moment in the previous year (in UTC), and in a leap year it is about 18 hours 11 minutes before that moment in the previous year. In this way the time of the vernal equinox constantly shifts back and forth so it always stays on or around March 20.

The word "equinox" is derived from Latin and means "equal night". On the day of an equinox, day and night are of approximately equal length all over the world, as the Earth's rotational axis is neither tilted away from nor towards the Sun. At all other times the length of day and night will be different.

The date of the vernal equinox is significant in Christianity as it is important for the calculation of Easter. As decreed by the Council of Nicaea in AD 325, Easter always falls on the first Sunday after the first full moon that occurs on or after the vernal equinox. However, by convention Christian churches have fixed the ecclesiastical date to March 21 and base all calculations on this date even if the astronomical date differs.

Summer time in Europe starts a few days after the vernal equinox.

Further reading:

Overview: seasons, equinoxes and solstices

Dates shown apply to the Northern Hemisphere and are based on UTC (GMT)
Season Start End
Spring Spring equinox
(vernal equinox, March equinox)
March 19 to 21
Summer solstice
(June solstice)
June 20 to 22
Summer Summer solstice
(June solstice)
June 20 to 22
Autumn equinox
(Fall equinox, September equinox)
September 21 to 24
Autumn
(Fall)
Autumn equinox
(Fall equinox, September equinox)
September 21 to 24
Winter solstice
(December solstice)
December 20 to 23
Winter Winter solstice
(December solstice)
December 20 to 23
Spring equinox
(vernal equinox, March equinox)
March 19 to 21

When is the Vernal equinox 2024?

The Vernal equinox 2024 is on Wednesday, March 20, 2024 (in 628 days).  Calendar for 2024

Dates for the Vernal equinox from 2018 to 2028

The next occurrence of the Vernal equinox is marked in red.

When is ...? Date      Day of the week      Days away     
Vernal equinox 2018      March 20, 2018      Tuesday      1564 days ago
Vernal equinox 2019      March 20, 2019      Wednesday      1199 days ago
Vernal equinox 2020      March 20, 2020      Friday      833 days ago
Vernal equinox 2021      March 20, 2021      Saturday      468 days ago
Vernal equinox 2022      March 20, 2022      Sunday      103 days ago
Vernal equinox 2023      March 20, 2023      Monday      in 262 days
Vernal equinox 2024      March 20, 2024      Wednesday      in 628 days
Vernal equinox 2025      March 20, 2025      Thursday      in 993 days
Vernal equinox 2026      March 20, 2026      Friday      in 1358 days
Vernal equinox 2027      March 20, 2027      Saturday      in 1723 days
Vernal equinox 2028      March 20, 2028      Monday      in 2089 days
Data provided 'as is' without warranty

Vernal equinox 2023
Dates of the Vernal equinox 2023 and surrounding years as downloadable image file

Printable 2023 Calendars


Calendar templates 2023 for Word, Excel and PDF
Download free printable calendar templates 2023 for Word, Excel and PDF

2023 calendar as templates for
Word, Excel and PDF

A selection of calendar templates for 2023 in landscape and portrait orientation and with US federal holidays, suitable for a variety of applications.

2023 calendar templates for Word

2023 calendar templates for Excel

2023 calendar templates for PDF

Dates of other holidays, events and celebrations

US federal holidays
New Year's Day
Martin Luther King Day (MLK Day)
Presidents' Day
    (Washington's Birthday)
Memorial Day
Juneteenth
Independence Day (4th of July)
Labor Day
Columbus Day
Veterans Day
Thanksgiving Day
Christmas Day

Canadian holidays
Canadian Thanksgiving
Family Day

Australian holidays
ANZAC Day

The seasons
Spring
Vernal equinox (spring equinox,
March equinox)
Summer
Summer solstice (June solstice)
Autumn / Fall
Autumn equinox (fall equinox,
September equinox)
Winter
Winter solstice (December solstice)
First Day of Spring
First Day of Summer
First Day of Autumn / First Day of Fall
First Day of Winter

Christian (and related)
Advent
Advent Sunday
All Hallows' Eve
All Hallows' Day
All Saints' Day
All Souls' Day
Ascension Day
Ash Wednesday
Black Saturday
Boxing Day
Bright Saturday
Bright Week
Candlemas
Christmas
Christmas Day
Christmas Eve
Christmastide
Corpus Christi
Easter
Easter Day
Easter Eve
Easter Friday
Easter Monday
Easter Tuesday
Easter Saturday
Easter Sunday
Eastertide
Easter Week
Easter Weekend
Epiphany
Epiphany Eve
Fat Tuesday
First day of Lent
Good Friday
Halloween
Holy Friday
Holy Saturday
Holy Thursday
Holy Week
Jesus' Birthday
Lazarus Saturday
Lent
Mardi Gras
Maundy Thursday
Orthodox Easter
Palm Sunday
Pancake Day
Pancake Tuesday
Pascha
Pentecost
Pentecost Sunday
Pentecost Monday
Shrove Monday
Shrove Tuesday
St. Andrew's Day
St. David's Day
St. George's Day
St. Patrick's Day
St. Stephen's Day
Theophany
Three Kings Day
Trinity Sunday
Twelve Days of Christmas
Twelfth Night
Whit Sunday
Whit Monday
Other days
April Fools Day
Armed Forces Day
Black Friday
Buy Nothing Day
Cinco de Mayo
Constitution Day
Cyber Monday
Daylight Saving Time
Day of the Dead
Día de los Muertos
Diwali (Deepavali)
Earth Day
Election Day
Father's Day
Flag Day
Giving Tuesday
Grandparents' Day
Groundhog Day
Halloween
Human Rights Day
Indigenous Peoples' Day
International Women's Day
Mother's Day
Native American Day
New Year's Day
New Year's Eve
Panic Saturday (Super Saturday)
Parents' Day
Star Wars Day
Samhain
Small Business Saturday
Summer time
Super Saturday (Panic Saturday)
Teacher Appreciation Day
Teacher Appreciation Week
Valentine's Day
World Environment Day
World Teachers' Day
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